WHERE TO GET MONEY FOR REFORMS?
A good example for us is the path of the Nordic countries, with a developed market economy and a social package that fill their budget with oil and gas exports. But unfortunately, it does not fit us completely and is not subject to blind copying, due to the size of our population, the size of our country, and the low population density. We will have to take a longer path, in two stages, to achieve a similar standard of living for the population.
At the first stage, it will be enough to set targets and carry out a large-scale, but typical procedure for optimizing costs, reduce indirect costs of state monopolies, increase responsibility for paying and collecting taxes, such as income and VAT. Create conditions for the return of money from the shadows and offshore, which, according to modest estimates, are measured by an amount equal to annual GDP. To achieve these activities, it is possible and necessary to apply the project management method with the corresponding key milestones, indicators and responsible, KPI as detailed above.
It is necessary to develop a one-time amnesty program for the illegal income of oligarchs with the payment of income tax and the investment of funds in a socially significant, cost-effective, investment program in the Russian Federation.
At the second stage, it is necessary to develop diversification of the economy, to develop small and medium-sized businesses, including with state support, to increase trade with other countries, with an emphasis on the sale, and not the purchase of goods and services. It is necessary to plan and start federal investment projects. The project management method will also help us to accomplish this task.
Thus, we have money: you just need to spend it wisely.
In fact we need to do several consecutive typical actions that the TOP manager of a private company usually takes during a period of decline and stagnation:
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